The Hungarian architect and designer Marcel Breuer enrolled at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1920. That same year, however, Breuer dropped out of the Viennese Art Academy and went to Weimar to study at the "Bauhaus". Between 1920 and 1924 Marcel Breuer worked in the "Bauhaus" furniture workshop. In 1923 Marcel Brauer produced his first architecture designs and worked on the public housing designed by Walter Gropius' practice.

 

From 1925 until 1928 Marcel Breuer was head of the furniture workshop. This was the period in which Breuer produced his first tubular steel chair, which he presented in 1927 as the "Type B3 steel Club Chair". Later this model was renamed "Wassily".

 

In 1926-27 what was known as the "Breuer Crisis" arose at the Bauhaus, sparked off by Marcel Breuer teaming up with the Hungarian architect Stefan Lengyel to found the Standart Furniture Company without first consulting the "Bauhaus" board of directors. Marcel Breuer subsequently designed a large number of tubular steel furniture, including chairs, tables and cupboards, which were made and marketed by Standart Furniture in Berlin. Some tubular steel furniture designed by Marcel Breuer was later also made by the Thonet Brothers and Knoll International.

 

Using tubular steel as his basic element had the great advantage for Marcel Breuer in that it represented an already standardized element for his furniture type and besides was extremely economical and hygienic. In all phases of his working life, Marcel Breuer would continue to apply other techniques and materials in his designs for standardized, reasonably priced furniture.